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Mithras The Cult of

  
Mithras The Cult of
Category: History

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Uploaded: 2014-04-26 09:37:11

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    BBC4s In Our Time looks into the mystery religion Mithraism. Melvyn Bragg and his guests discuss the cult of Mithras, a mystery religion that existed in the Roman Empire from the 1st to the 4th centuries AD. Also known as ...
    BBC4s In Our Time looks into the mystery religion Mithraism. Melvyn
    Bragg and his guests discuss the cult of Mithras, a mystery religion
    that existed in the Roman Empire from the 1st to the 4th centuries
    AD. Also known as the Mysteries of Mithras, its origins are
    uncertain. Academics have suggested a link with the ancient Vedic
    god Mitra and the Iranian Zoroastrian deity Mithra, but the extent
    and nature of the connection is a matter of controversy.Followers of
    Mithras are thought to have taken part in various rituals, most
    notably communal meals and a complex seven-stage initiation system.
    Typical depictions of Mithras show him being born from a rock,
    enjoying food with the sun god Sol and stabbing a bull. Mithraic
    places of worship have been found throughout the Roman world,
    including an impressive example in London. However, Mithraism went
    into decline in the 4th century AD with the rise of Christianity and
    eventually completely disappeared. In recent decades, many aspects
    of the cult have provoked debate, especially as there are no written
    accounts by its members. As a result, archaeology has been of great
    importance in the study of Mithraism and has provided new insights
    into the religion and its adherents.WithGreg WoolfProfessor of
    Ancient History at the University of St AndrewsAlmut HintzeZartoshty
    Professor of Zoroastrianism at SOAS, University of LondonJohn
    NorthActing Director of the Institute of Classical Studies,
    University of London.FURTHER READINGJaime Alvar, Romanising
    Oriental Gods Myth, Salvation and Ethics in the Cults of Cybele,
    Isis and Mithras (Brill, 2008)Mary Beard, John North and Simon
    Price, Religions of Rome vol 2 (Cambridge University Press,
    1998)Roger Beck, The Religion of the Mithras Cult in the Roman
    Empire Mysteries of the Unconquered Sun (Oxford University Press,
    2007)Roger Beck, Beck on Mithraism Collected Works with New Essays
    (Ashgate, 2004)M. Boyce and F. Grenet, A History of Zoroastrianism
    vol 3 (Brill, 1991)Manfred Clauss, The Roman Cult of Mithras The
    God and His Mysteries (Edinburgh University Press, 2000)Franz
    Cumont, The Mysteries of Mithra (1st Eng.tr. 1903, Forgotten Books,
    2012)Richard Gordon, Image and Value in the Graeco-Roman World
    Studies in Mithraism and Religious Art (Variorum, 1996)John
    Hinnells, Persian Mythology (P. Bedrick Books, 1985)J. Rupke (ed.),
    A Companion to Roman Religion (Wiley-Blackwell, 2011) which includes
    R. L. Gordon, Institutionalised Religious Options MithraismRobert
    Turcan, The Cults of the Roman Empire (Wiley-Blackwell, 1997)
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